The journal of the aeronautical sciences

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For locations on the right-hand side of the track, a direct hit occurs when the cyclone passes to within a distance equal to twice abdl diaper change breastfeeding radius of maximum wind.

Compare indirect hit, strike. Eastern North Pacific Basin: The portion test la roche the North Pacific Ocean east of 140W. The National Hurricane Center potatoes Miami, Florida is responsible for tracking tropical cyclones in this region.

Eye: The roughly circular area of comparatively light winds that encompasses the center of a severe tropical cyclone. The eye is either completely or partially surrounded by the eyewall cloud.

Eyewall and wall cloud are used synonymously. Fda biogen 2021 A term used in advisories and tropical summaries to indicate that a cyclone has lost its "tropical" characteristics. The term implies both poleward displacement of the cyclone the journal of the aeronautical sciences the conversion of the cyclone's primary energy source from the release of latent heat of condensation to baroclinic (the temperature contrast between warm and cold air masses) processes.

It is important to note that cyclones can become extratropical and still retain winds of hurricane or tropical storm force. Extratropical Cyclone: A cyclone of any intensity for which the primary energy source is baroclinic, that is, results from the temperature contrast between warm and cold air the journal of the aeronautical sciences. Fujiwhara Effect: The tendency of two nearby tropical cyclones to rotate cyclonically about each other.

The term hurricane is used for Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclones east of the International Dateline to the Greenwich Meridian. The term typhoon is used for Pacific tropical cyclones north of the Equator west of the International Dateline. Hurricane Season: The portion of the year having a relatively high incidence of hurricanes. The hurricane season in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico runs from June 1 to November 30.

The hurricane season in the Eastern Pacific basin Dexamethasone Tablets (Hemady)- FDA from May 15 to November 30. The hurricane season in the Central Pacific basin runs from June 1 to November 30.

Because hurricane preparedness activities become difficult once winds reach tropical storm force, the warning is issued the journal of the aeronautical sciences hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical-storm-force winds. The warning can remain in effect when dangerously high water or a combination of dangerously high water and waves continue, even though winds may be less than hurricane force.

Because hurricane preparedness activities become difficult once winds reach tropical storm force, the hurricane watch is issued 48 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical storm force winds. Indirect Hit: Generally refers to locations that do not experience a direct hit from a tropical cyclone, but do experience hurricane force winds (either sustained or gusts) or tides of at least 4 feet above normal. Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone: A zonally elongated axis of surface wind confluence of northeasterly and southeasterly trade winds in the tropics.

Invest: A weather system for which a tropical cyclone forecast center (NHC, CPHC, or JTWC) is interested in collecting specialized data sets (e. Once a system has been designated as an invest, data collection and processing is initiated on a number of government and academic web sites, including the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and the University of Wisconsin Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite The journal of the aeronautical sciences (UW-CIMSS).

Inundation: The flooding of normally dry land, primarily caused by severe weather events along the coasts, estuaries, and adjoining rivers.

These storms, which include hurricanes and nor'easters, bring receded winds and heavy rains. The winds drive large waves and storm surge on shore, and heavy rains raise rivers. Because the strongest winds in a tropical cyclone are not located precisely at the center, it is possible for a cyclone's strongest winds to be experienced over land even if landfall does not occur.

Similarly, it is possible for a tropical cyclone to make landfall and have its strongest winds remain over the water. Compare direct hit, indirect hit, and strike.

Major Hurricane: A hurricane that is classified as Category 3 or higher. Maximum Sustained Surface Wind: The standard measure of a tropical cyclone's intensity. When the term is applied to a particular weather system, it refers to the highest one-minute average wind (at an elevation of 10 meters with an unobstructed exposure) associated with that weather system at a particular point in time. Monsoon: A large-scale, seasonally-reversing surface wind circulation in the the journal of the aeronautical sciences accompanied by large amplitude seasonal changes in precipitation.

Monsoon Trough: A surface trough in association with a monsoon circulation. This is depicted by a line on a weather map showing the location of minimum sea level pressure coinciding with the maximum cyclonic turning of the surface winds, with southwesterly or northwesterly flow prevailing equatorward and northeasterly flow prevailing poleward of the typically zonally the journal of the aeronautical sciences trough axis.

The datum was derived for surveys from a general adjustment of the first-order leveling nets of both the United States and Canada. In the adjustment, mean sea level was held fixed as observed at 21 tide stations in the United States and 5 in Canada. The year indicates the time of the general adjustment. A synonym for Sea-level Datum of 1929. The geodetic datum is fixed and does not take into account the changing stands the journal of the aeronautical sciences sea level.

Because there are many variables affecting sea level, and because the geodetic datum represents a best fit over a broad area, the relationship between the geodetic datum and local mean sea level is not consistent from one location to another in either time or space.

For this reason, the National Geodetic Vertical Datum should not be confused with mean sea level.

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