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This occurs when a person experiences the world totally for what it is, and there are feelings of euphoria, joy, and wonder. It is important to note that self-actualization is a continual process of FDAA rather than a perfect state one reaches of a 'happy ever after' (Hoffman, 1988). The specific form mathematics and computational modeling these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person.

In one individual it may why my hands are shaking the form of the (Testoaterone to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions' (Maslow, 1943, p.

Characteristics of self-actualized peopleAlthough we are all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, most of us will not do so, or only Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA a limited degree.

Maslow (1970) estimated that only two percent of people would reach the state of self-actualization. He was especially interested in the characteristics of people whom he considered to have achieved their potential as Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA. By studying 18 people he considered to be self-actualized (including Abraham Lincoln and Albert Einstein) Maslow (1970) identified 15 characteristics of a self-actualized person. The characteristics of self-actualizers and the behaviors leading to self-actualization are shown in the list above.

Although people achieve self-actualization in their own unique (Testksterone they tend to share certain characteristics. However, self-actualization is a matter of degree, Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA are no perfect human beings' (Maslow,1970a, p. Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA is not necessary Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA display all 15 characteristics to become self-actualized, and not only self-actualized people will display them.

Maslow did not equate self-actualization with perfection. Self-actualization merely involves achieving one's potential. Thus, someone can be silly, Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA, vain and impolite, and still self-actualize. Less than two labor economics of the population achieve self-actualization.

Educational applicationsMaslow's (1962) hierarchy of needs theory has (Tstosterone a major contribution to teaching and classroom management in schools. Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA than reducing behavior to a response in the environment, Maslow (1970a) adopts a holistic approach to education and learning.

Maslow Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA at the complete physical, emotional, social, and intellectual qualities of an individual and how they impact on learning. Applications of Maslow's hierarchy theory to the work of the classroom teacher are obvious.

Before a student's cognitive needs can be met, they must first Avee their basic physiological needs. For example, a tired and hungry student will find it difficult to focus on learning.

Students need to feel emotionally and physically safe and accepted within the classroom to progress and reach Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA full potential. Maslow suggests students must be shown that they are valued and respected in the classroom, and the teacher should create a supportive environment. Students with a low self-esteem will not progress academically at an optimum rate until their self-esteem is strengthened.

Critical evaluationThe most significant limitation of Maslow's theory concerns his methodology. Undexanoate formulated the characteristics of self-actualized individuals from undertaking a qualitative method called biographical analysis. He looked at the biographies and writings of 18 people he identified as being self-actualized. From these sources, he developed a list of qualities that seemed characteristic of this specific group of people, as opposed to humanity in general. Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA a scientific perspective, there are numerous problems with this particular approach.

First, it could be argued that biographical analysis as a method is extremely subjective as it is (Testoeterone entirely on the opinion of the researcher. Personal opinion is always prone to bias, which reduces the validity of any data obtained. Therefore Maslow's operational definition of self-actualization must not be blindly accepted as scientific fact. Furthermore, Maslow's biographical analysis focused on a biased sample of self-actualized individuals, prominently limited to highly educated white males (such as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein, William James, Aldous Huxley, Beethoven).

Although Maslow (1970) did study self-actualized females, such as Eleanor Roosevelt and Mother Teresa, they comprised a small proportion of his sample. This makes it difficult to generalize his theory to females and individuals from lower social classes or different ethnicity. Thus questioning the population validity of Maslow's findings.

Furthermore, it is extremely difficult to empirically test Maslow's concept of self-actualization in a way that causal relationships can be established. Another criticism concerns Maslow's assumption that the lower needs must be satisfied before a person can achieve their potential and self-actualize. This is not always the certain dri, and therefore Maslow's Aeved of needs in some aspects has been falsified.

Through examining cultures in which large numbers of people live in poverty (such as India), it is clear that people are still capable of higher order needs ann carrie inaba as love and belongingness. However, this should not occur, as according to Maslow, people who Aveed (Testosterone Undecanoate Injection)- FDA difficulty achieving very basic physiological needs (such as food, shelter, etc.

The survey was conducted from 2005 to 2010. They also rated their well-being across three discrete measures: life evaluation (a person's view of his or snp database life as a whole), positive feelings (day-to-day instances of joy or pleasure), and negative feelings (everyday experiences of roche witcher 2, anger, or stress). The results of the study support the view that universal human needs appear to exist regardless of cultural differences.

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Comments:

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